What is your next step?
This is always tailored to your needs
Your first step toward EBT is changing from a checking and compliance-heavy training program to introducing assessment of competencies. Good competency assessment is the foundation of effective EBT. By moving toward a phase called EBT Principles, your instructors familiarize with the concept of competencies. This is a first important change in the training culture conducive to EBT. It is also possible to first move to ATQP, however this requires two years (under EASA) before it provides benefits; moving toward EBT bypasses this waiting time.
Run with EBT principles for 6-12 months before moving onward.
Advanced (Training) & Qualification Program (A(T)QP) is already a great step towards EBT as your training program has facilitated more training time and your training data is driving part of your training program. Your next step can be to evolve your grading and assessment system toward competency assessment, similar to EBT principles. However, under A(T)QP you can use this data to drive your training to reinforce competencies and associated tasks. This is a form of EBT Principles we call ATQP+.
Run with ATQP+ for 6-12 months before moving onward.
This step is a major one for any training organization. If your instructors are familiarized with competencies, you can evolve your training program to Mixed-EBT, a form in which the EBT program including modules, training phases and topic matrices replace your existing recurrent program structure. You also use training data to drive your recurrent program, similar but more expansive than A(T)QP. However, in Mixed-EBT (mixed-implementation) you still perform regular FCL checks annually as a safeguard.
EASA is requiring a period of at least 3 years of Mixed-EBT before baseline (full) EBT can be approved.
If you are running mixed-EBT, the next step is to transition to Baseline (full) EBT. Under the EASA 2019 published opinion, a mixed-EBT program must run for three years and demonstrate program reliability (ICAP, 2 years) and training effectiveness before transitioning to baseline EBT. However, this transition is worthwhile as it removes the mandatory FCL check and therefore removes the need for recurrent training examiners: there are only EBT instructors. This provides additional flexibility in both the EBT program and use of training personnel, and allows the operators to truly run a performance-based training system.
Currently the EASA rules permitting baseline are in an approval process and are expected to be in force by 2021.
In the event that your CAA has approved a baseline (full) EBT (currently not possible under EASA), the next evolution is to further improve your program by merging training data with operational and safety data to further close the gap between training and operations. Furthermore, a baseline EBT program may also provide an opportunity to develop pilot competencies without a flight simulator, using new training technologies such as virtual reality and low-fidelity simulations. An outlook into better training for the same training footprint.
NLR is actively participating in the development and regulation of new training technologies for civil pilot training such as CAPABLE within EASA RMT.0599. Contact us to find out more.
Rijkswaterstaat, A380 @ EHAM, Twente Airport, Avinor, SIRA Lithium Batteries KLM, Intro runway-incursion alerting system, etc.
Training Needs Analysis
RNLAF Fast Jets, RNLAF Heli, CAE Business Jets, KLM ATQP, LVNL OPS-change, LVNL Lelystad Airport
Cognitive scenario design approach/malfunction clustering
FutureSky Safety Project
Competency Based Scenario Design Method
Further scenario design
SUPRA, CRISIS, APIMOD, UK CAA Fatigue