Future commercial organizations may consist of geographically distributed functional nodes (under separate ownership) connected electronically with one another. The five major global airline alliances now control half of the passenger travel market, according to Airports Council International. Star Alliance, OneWorld, Skyteam, KLM/Northwest have over 50 percent of total world scheduled passenger numbers in 2003 based on ACI and IATA statistics.
- Safety problems escaping notice due to lack of coordination.
- Degradation of prior, robust, aviation cultures that were previously enabled by geographic proximity.