“The arrival of Galileo means that numerous new possibilities have become available,” says Zelle. “In pay-as-you-go motoring, for example. That means you have to know that the vehicle is underway, what route the car is taking and how many kilometres it has covered. That has to be recorded using a receiver in the vehicle. An important aspect is that interference in the signals has to be counteracted so that the kilometres recorded are genuinely reliable.”
Autonomous driving is also very much on the rise. Requirements must be developed for these systems that will be imposed on them before they are actually allowed on the roads. NLR has already sketched this out for manned aviation in the aerospace sector and it looks destined for a key role in autonomous driving as well.
When the regulations are then developed and implemented, a verification step will be needed: testing how well the systems work, whether they meet the requirements imposed upon them, and whether the systems will continue to comply with market developments. “The focus is shifting from governmental authorities to market use,” says Zelle, “and there are some really attractive opportunities there.”